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Physical Chemisty

Program: 
Chemistry
ECTS: 
9
Lecturer: 
Maria Grzeszczuk, prof. dr hab.
Type: 
Compulsory
Lecture
Number of hours: 
2h X 15 weeks = 30 hours (1 semester)
Laboratory
Number of hours: 
3h X 15 weeks = 45 hours (1 semester)
Seminar
Number of hours: 
3h X 15 weeks = 45 hours (1 semester)
Objective: 

Fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics, phase equilibrium, chemical kinetics, intermolecular interactions, molecular transport, interfacial phenomena. Application to electrochemistry

Assessment: 

Lecture: written exam (obligatory) + oral exam (additional/optional)
Seminar: solving of selected problems and calculus from an early known list provided each week, passing of two written tests per semester
Laboratory: oral colloquia (obligatory) and written reports (obligatory) on the selected laboratory exercises

Prerequisites: 

Credit points gained for obligatory 1st and 2nd years’ courses: mathematics, physics, fundamental chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, analytical chemistry

Contents: 

Part 2 (continued from the previous semester)

 

  1. Chemical kinetics: fundamental terminology and definitions, the rate law, kinetic parameters, simple and complex reactions, fundamental mechanistic-kinetic schemes. Temperature dependence of the reaction rate, Arrhenius parameters. Effect of pressure on the reaction rate. Molecular reaction dynamics. Elementary reactions and molecular mechanisms. The enthalpy and entropy of activation. Kinetics of selected complex reactions: square scheme reactions, chain reactions, enzymatic reactions, reactions with adsorbed reactants
  2. Surface phenomena: an importance of interfaces. Adsorption, surface tension, contact angle, surface activity, surfactants. Thermodynamic properties of interfaces, the Gibbs isotherm

  3. Molecular interactions and related selected transport properties of molecules in liquids. Transport parameters: diffusion coefficient, ion mobility, viscosity. Molecular interactions and electrical conductivity of electrolytes

  4. Electrochemistry: electrochemical systems as dynamic multi-component, multi-phase systems and interfacial processes of a high importance. Electrode reactions and processes, electrode potentials and currents, membrane potentials. Standard and equilibrium potentials. The Nernst equation. Fundamentals of electrochemical kinetics. The electromotive force of galvanic cell and selected practical cells. The voltage of electrolytic cells and selected practical electrolysis processes

Learning outcomes

  • Topics of physical chemistry listed in the Content section

  • Terminology, theory, empirical laws, fundamental properties, interactions and quantitative relations in between. Methods used for characterization of selected physicochemical phenomena

  • Ability to analyse physical phenomena and chemical processes using adequate tools of mathematics

  • Skills for solving of selected typical problems by using suitable calculus and software

  • Analysis of measurements

  • Reporting on laboratory projects and results by adopting available informatics tools

  • Using of main statistical methods for analysis of experimental data

  • Employment of laboratory techniques for characterization of chemical substances

  • Notice of need to verify professional competency

  • Responsibility for performed work and interpretation of results