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Molecular driving forces

Program: 
Chemistry
ECTS: 
5
Lecturer: 
Dr Andrzej Bil
Type: 
Optional
Lecture
Number of hours: 
1h X 15 weeks = 15 hours (1 semester)
Seminar
Number of hours: 
2h X 15 weeks = 30 hours (1 semester)
Objective: 

The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the basic ideas of statistical thermodynamics and its applications in describing important chemical phenomena, such as chemical equilibrium. The course introduce the fundamental role of the statistical thermodynamics in understanding heat phenomena, equilibrium in gases, crystals and solutions, solvation processes.

Assessment: 

Lecture: Written exam.
Seminar: Presentation of lecture-related topics.

Prerequisites: 

The courses on mathematics, physics and fundamental chemistry should be already credited.

Contents: 
  1. Thermodynamics

  • First Law of thermodynamics and Energy;

  • Second Law of thermodynamics and Entropy;

  • Temperature and Heat capacity;

  • Thermal and mechanical equilibrium;

  • Thermodynamic potentials;

  1. Classical Statistical Thermodynamics

  • The ensemble method;

  • The canonical ensemble;

  • The great canonical ensemble;

  • Gibbs paradox;

  • Classical equipartition principle;

  1. Selected applications

  • Ideal gases;

  • Thermodynamics of crystalline solids; Einstein model;

  • Statistical Thermodynamics for ideal gas mixtures;

  • The reacting ideal gas mixtures;

  • Equilibrium constant;

  • Systems with intermolecular interactions;

  • The notion of potential energy surface and free energy surface;

  • Cooperativity;

Knowledge

  • understands the basic mathematical background of statistical thermodynamics;

  • understands theoretical fundamentals governing equilibrium properties of many-body systems;

  • understands and can explain physical phenomena and processes;

Skills

  • can extract and analyse information from scientific journals and books;

  • can prepare written reports and visual presentations;