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Molecular driving forces

Program: 
Chemistry
ECTS: 
5
Lecturer: 
Dr Andrzej Bil
Type: 
Optional
Lecture
Number of hours: 
1h X 15 weeks = 15 hours (1 semester)
Seminar
Number of hours: 
2h X 15 weeks = 30 hours (1 semester)
Objective: 

To familiarize students with the basic ideas of statistical thermodynamics and its applications in describing important chemical phenomena, such as chemical equilibrium. The course introduces the fundamental role of statistical thermodynamics in understanding heat phenomena, equilibrium in gases and thermal properties of crystals.

Acquired Knowledge
Student understands the basic mathematical background of statistical thermodynamics;
Student understands the basic conceptual background of statistical thermodynamics;
Acquired Skills
Student is able to solve simple problems illustrating the basic mathematical and conceptual background of statistical thermodynamics;

Assessment: 

Lecture: written exam
Seminar: written test

Prerequisites: 

The courses on mathematics and fundamental chemistry should be already credited.

Contents: 
  1. Thermodynamics

-      First Law of thermodynamics and Energy;

-      Second Law of thermodynamics and Entropy;

-      Temperature and Heat capacity;

-      Thermal and mechanical equilibrium;

-      Thermodynamic potentials;

  1. Classical Statistical Thermodynamics

-      The ensemble method;

-      The canonical ensemble;

-      The great canonical ensemble;

-      Gibbs paradox;

-      Classical equipartition principle;

  1. Selected applications

-      Ideal gases;

-      Thermodynamics of crystalline solids; Einstein model;

-      Statistical Thermodynamics for ideal gas mixtures;

-      Equilibrium constant;

-      The notion of potential energy surface and free energy surface;