From Guerilla War to Happenings. The History of the Democratic Opposition in Poland 1944-1989

European Cultures
Bożena Szaynok, PhD
Number of hours: 
2h X 15 weeks = 30 hours (1 semester)

- The Knowledge of the history of Poland after WWII
- The Understanding of the issues of Communism and matters connected with the question of a totalitarian state with emphasis put on the ways of subordination of the society to the state
- The Knowledge of the history of opposition in Poland after WWII
- Training students in discussing and analysing controversial and challenging issues.


The total number of ECTS points is added after completion of the course, i.e. passing an exam, writing an essay, taking active part in discussions.


A potential candidate is supposed to be familiar with examples of official and popular narratives on the history of Europe in the 20th century with the emphasis on Poland, moreover he should to analyse historical sources on the basis of which he should be able to form a general picture of the period.


The History of Poland after WWII,
The History of opposition  in Poland after 1944;
The issue of subordination of the society in a totalitarian state,
The different forms of opposition towards a totalitarian state;
The History of Communism in Europe after WWII


has demonstrated the knowledge of varied issues concerning the creation of public opinion,  with special reference to the role of the government’s influence on public opinion formation and its attempts to convince citizens to take up particular political decisions.

has demonstrated the knowledge of some examples of communication, presented in the policy, conducted by the communists in the post war Poland.

has the ability to understand the place of communication in the relations within a society;
has demonstrated the knowledge of different influences exerted on the form of  communication

has demonstrated the knowledge of how the state institutions can be used for political purposes

is able to analyse  the information addressed to the society by authority critically

is able to analyse historical events and phenomena, with special reference to their influence on societies critically

has the ability to prepare specialised analysis as well as  making  a synthesis  concerning different issues associated with the course

is able to analyse the historical and political background of some complex phenomena, experienced by a society

has demonstrated the understanding of   complex issues in the history of different group in a society and

has demonstrated the understanding of the role of education, independent discussions and research  for the society and  policy-makers;