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Catalysis and Green Chemistry

Program: 
Chemistry
ECTS: 
6
Lecturer: 
Piotr Smoleński D.Sc
Type: 
Optional
Lecture
Number of hours: 
1h X 15 weeks = 15 hours (1 semester)
Laboratory
Number of hours: 
3h X 15 weeks = 45 hours (1 semester)
Objective: 

• Knowledge of the principles of green chemistry and their practical applications in the chemical laboratory and in modern technology;
• An introduction to students with the basic theory of catalysis for use in green chemistry;
• Assimilation of methods of catalytic processes, improvement of catalysts and technology processes leading to reduction of concentration of harmful substances, the introduction of new alternative technologies, catalysis for the production of organic fuels, catalysts for the purification of exhaust gases, the mechanisms of degradation of harmful substances to the environment in the presence of photocatalysts and catalysts for fuel cells;
• An introduction to students with practical laboratory exercises, showing the application of green chemistry and catalysis (e.g. use of the ionic liquids, recycling of the aluminum waste, efficiency tests of the various solar filters, reduction of harmful compounds by using photocatalysts, synthesis of a heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of MTBE – component of fuels).
Acquired Knowledge
Student:
• Knows the rules of green chemistry
• Understands the role of catalysis in modern chemical processes
• Classifies the solvents due to their usefulness in specific chemical processes
• Knows and understands the rules for the application of microwave and ultrasound energy in chemical processes
• Has knowledge of the basics of the catalysis in aspect of green chemistry.
Acquired Skills
Student:
• Analyses the processes and chemical reactions for their compatibility with the principles of green chemistry
• Selects solvents and reaction conditions, in accordance with the principles of green chemistry
• Is able to obtain a heterogeneous catalyst/photocatalyst and test its activity
• Can use the results of chromatographic and spectroscopic measurements in analysis of activity for obtained catalysts
Social competence
Student:
• Understands the need for a systematic review of the literature to broaden their knowledge in the field of green chemistry and catalysis
• Has the ability to organize team work in order to achieve the scheduled tasks;

Assessment: 

Lecture: written exam, possible oral improvement of the notes.
Laboratory: a report on the exercise, proper execution of exercises according to the plan, reports containing theoretical part with short review of literature, descriptions of actions and analysis of the obtained results.

Contents: 

Lecture: The classification of solvents due to their appropriability in chemical processes. The phenomenon of catalysis, classification of the catalytic processes, activity and selectivity of catalysts, homo-and heterogeneous catalysis - potential applications towards green chemistry. Examples of application of heterogeneous and enzymatic catalysis in environment-friendly processes. Classification of photocatalysts. Catalysis in the production of fuels and organic fuels. Catalysts for purification of exhaust gas. Characteristics and application of the supercritical fluids. Application of microwave and ultrasound energy in chemical processes. Ionic liquids-synthesis, properties and applications in green chemistry. The mechanisms of degradation of the harmful compounds to the environment in the presence of TiO2, photocatalytic processes applied to water purification. Catalysts for fuel cells. Photocatalysts for water oxidation. The use of renewable materials and biotechnological methods in chemical synthesis.

Exercise (labs):

- Application of ionic liquids in the extraction of cobalt(II) compounds.

- Thermochromism of copper(II) anionic complexes.

- Recycling of the aluminum waste.

- Efficiency tests of the various solar filters using UV-Vis spectroscopy.

- Synthesis and analysis of the antimicrobial agent - pyrithione zinc.

- Synthesis of chrome alum (chromium(III)-potassium sulfate).

- Photocatalytic decomposition of organic dyes using different heterogeneous photocatalysts. Test the rate and efficiency using UV-Vis spectroscopy.

-Synthesis and characterization of heterogeneous catalyst and use to synthesize fuel component - MTBE. Catalytic process and analysis of the products by using GC chromatography.